Monarch Waystations are places that provide resources necessary for monarchs to produce successive generations and sustain their migration. Milkweeds and nectar sources are declining due to development and the widespread use of herbicides in croplands, pastures and roadsides. Unfortunately, the remaining milkweed habitats in pastures, hayfields, edges of forests, grasslands, native prairies, and urban areas are not sufficient to sustain the large monarch populations seen in the 1990s.
To offset the loss of milkweeds and nectar sources we need to create, conserve, and protect milkweed/monarch habitats. By creating and maintaining a Monarch Waystation we are contributing to monarch conservation, an effort that will help assure the preservation of the species and the continuation of the spectacular monarch migration phenomenon.
Project Monarch has three phases.
1) Planting: Milkweed and native prairie nectar sources appropriate to the area will be cultivated in portions of land that are not mowed. This will provide habitat for monarchs and other nectar loving species such as birds and bees. This can dovetail with a native prairie restoration project if desired. Additional benefit: Native prairie plants have deep root structures that fan out in the soil. They are ideal for stabilizing ground and preventing erosion. They are hardy and regrow even when completely destroyed above the roots (such as by fire).
2) Showcase: The chapter can apply for and be listed as a Monarch Migration site on the national registry. A Monarch Garden can be planted that includes informational plaques explaining the purpose of the garden and educating about the conservation efforts regarding Monarch Migration preservation. This will also beautify the chapter grounds and provide volunteer opportunities for those passionate about gardening. Monarch viewing benches or picnic tables are also a great addition that provides a socialization point for the chapter.
3) Education and Outreach: Youth and community outreach efforts will include short classes and youth monarch activities where members and children will be given the resources to raise a monarch and learn about their life cycle. Monarch tagging and tracking will follow the Monarch release dates. Local conservation experts will be invited onsite to present related educational materials. Community outreach to create additional monarch waystations will add to awareness of the Izaak Walton League and our commitment to conservation.
Des Moines Feed Company: http://desmoinesfeed.com/home.html (They have bulk milkweed and other turf seed for sale but it is not listed on their website.
Reiman Gardens: http://www.reimangardens.com/
Other Suggested Resources
Monarch Watch: http://www.monarchwatch.org/
Monarch Lifecycle: http://www.monarch-butterfly.com/
Journey North: http://www.journeynorth.org/
Monarch Joint Venture: http://www.monarchjointventure.org/
Live Monarch: http://www.livemonarch.com
Suggested Potential Project Partnerships
County Conservation Board (s) – As an example, the Polk County Conservation Board features Monarchs on the front page of their September-December 2013 newsletter. They provide education about outdoor topics including Butterfly Gardening and Monarch Tagging. With partnership, the chapter might be able to provide additional outdoor and conservation education events.
State DNR – The Prairie Resource Center of the Iowa DNR has information about native prairie plants and sources for seeds and seedlings. They are willing to provide free seed on public lands and may be a valuable source of the prairie wildflowers needed for adult Monarchs. For private organization, they may be able to connect the Chapter with experts who are willing to provide educational resources.
US Forest Service – The Forest Service is working to expand monarch habitat by establishing pollinator gardens at USFS facilities and engaging in efforts to plant milkweed in public areas and in Forest Service lands.
Natural Resources Conservation Services - NRCS has engaged with many organizations in extensive efforts to increase milkweed seed availability in priority areas, and also to develop best practices for milkweed propagation.
Local greenhouses and related businesses – Many greenhouses have education programs related to pollinators and nectar loving species and may be willing to donate time and/or materials for a project of this type.
Local schools, churches and scouting groups – The Chapter can help establish Monarch gardens and/or provide field trip opportunities to visit our garden and learn about Monarch Waystations, life cycle and migration.
Local media – This is a human interest subject that has been highlighted in the media repeatedly as the Monarch populations have declined in recent years. Inviting the local media may make the next slow news day a day to highlight the Ikes, especially in the fall migration season.
Monarch Watch - Monarch Watch is an educational outreach program at the University of Kansas that is involved with numerous activities to promote monarch habitat conservation. They promote conservation through the Monarch Waystation program and work to increase the availability of native milkweed plants and seeds.
Monarch Joint Venture - The Monarch Joint Venture (MJV) is a partnership of federal and state agencies, non-governmental organizations, and academic programs that are working together to support and coordinate efforts to protect the monarch migration across the lower 48 United States.